Motivations Among Sexual Minority Men for Starting and Stopping Indoor Tanning
Pimentel MA1, Admassu N.1,2,Halley M.3, Torres J.1, Pascua N.1, Katz KA4, Linos E.1
1Program for Clinical Research, Department of Dermatology, UCSF, 2UC Berkeley-UCSF Joint Medical Program,
3Palo Alto Medical Foundation Research Institute, 4Department of Dermatology, Kaiser Permanente, San Francisco
To understand motivations for starting and stopping indoor tanning among sexual minority men (SMM).
SMM, defined as homosexual or bisexual, are more likely than heterosexual men to report indoor tanning, and report nearly double the rates of skin cancer compared to heterosexual men.1,2,3
Ten, two-hour focus groups, moderated by two researchers in a semi-structured interview format, were conducted at the UCSF Mt. Zion campus.
Motivations for starting indoor tanning by SMM are consistent with a prior study that identified motivations of appearance, sociocultural pressures, and mood regulation.4
These motivations are similar to reasons for indoor tanning reported by young women.6
These data can inform the development of behavioral change campaigns, or messaging in clinical settings, aimed at curbing tanning bed use among sexual minority men.
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3. Blashill AJ. Indoor tanning and skin cancer risk among diverse US youth: Results from a national sample. JAMA Dermatology. 2017;153(3):344-345.
4. Blashill AJ, Rooney BM, Wells KJ. An integrated model of skin cancer risk in sexual minority males. Journal of Behavioral Medicine. 2017;41(1):99-108.
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6. Rodgers RF, Wilking C, Gottlieb M, et al. A qualitative study of the decision to engage in tanning behaviors among female college students. European Review of Applied Psychology. 2016;66(1):1-8.