Knowledge of pregnant women about pregnancy gingivitis and children oral health
Fatimah Al-Hamdi1 Balsam Al-Almai , ,Mashael Althobati1, Safeyah Alqarni1, Salha Hossien1,
Rafi A Togoo2
1intern Dr., 2Professor, Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Orthodontics King Khalid University College of Dentistry Abha, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Introduction:Good oral health during pregnancy has been recognized as an important public health issue worldwide. Hormonal changes in pregnancy combined with neglected oral hygiene tend to increase the incidence of oral diseases like gingivitis.High levels of circulating progesterone lead to Pregnancy Gingivitis (PG) which is characterized by increased, redness, edema and higher tendency toward bleeding. Moreover, research continues to show an association of periodontitis and adverse pregnancy outcomes (low-birth weight and premature birth); some studies have suggested that pregnancy also increases the risk of dental caries.
Aim:This study aimed to assess the Oral health knowledge of pregnant women about pregnancy gingivitis and children oral health
Materials and Method:Data were collected using a pretested self-administered questionnaire addressed to expectant mothers in major Maternity and Child Health hospitals in Abha and Khamis Mushayat.
Results:Of the 251 respondents 39% reported being aware of pregnancy gingivitis whereas 31% and 30% respectively were either completely unaware or had only heard about it.40% of the expectant mothers did not get a dental checkup done during pregnancy with 38% reporting gum bleeding and 62% bad breath and swollen gums.37% attributed gingival changes to hormonal changes and 38% believed these changes could be prevented by regular brushing and flossing but 29% were unaware of the treatment dentists could provide. With regard to effect PG could have on the new born baby 48% were undecided and 36% felt it would have no effect. Asked about the best method of oral cleaning for childrenunder 18 months of age 60% preferred soft moist towel and 26% saline. 82% supported compulsory dental checkup of women during pregnancy.
Conclusion: Though all expectant mothers reported symptoms of PGoverall the knowledge about PG among expectant mothers. Majority did not have a dental check done during pregnancy which should be a major area of concern to health care providers in Saudi Arabia.