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The Political Economy of Establishing Monitoring & Evaluation Institutions: A comparative analysis of Chile, Colombia, Mexico, South Africa, and Uganda

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Results: Four Reasons Countries Establish M&E Institutions

•Domestic political competition between parties seeking confirmation of their public claims of service delivery
•Domestic political pressure from citizen demand for greater government accountability
•Pressure to increase efficiency to sustain or expand services in times of financial hardship
•An ambition to improve the government by technocrats and political leaders.

Results: Donor Roles in Establishing M&E Institutions

•Pwehere domestic demand existed, technical advice was helpful
•Attempts to promote domestic demand for M&E institutions have not yet succeeded in Uganda


Methods: We compared Chile, Colombia, Mexico, South Africa, and Uganda to when and why countries establish M&E institutions. We conducted key informant interviews and reviewed organizational records, legal instruments, published articles and reports, and documents in the public domain to develop a framework for comparison.


Why we did this analysis: Since at least the mid 1990s many donors have been urging countries to embrace M&E. We were aware of a much longer tradition of M&E in many countries and we decided to compare cases where the demand for M&E was domestically produced (Chile, Colombia, Mexico, South Africa) with another case where the process was mainly donor led (Uganda). We wanted to explore why countries do this and investigate some of the factors that seem to make M&E institutions more meaningful in domestic politics. We also wanted to know what roles donors had played and how these might be improved.


Funding: This study was supported by The Alliance for Health Policy and Systems Research at the World Health Organization. We retained complete editorial control and we alone are responsible for the views expressed.


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