TITLE: Clients Seek Assistance from Higher Powers: An Examination of the Faith Community Nurse Role through the Bariatric Journey
ABSTRACT: Obesity is a global health concern managed through non-surgical and surgical means. The level of support provided throughout the bariatric journey may impact clients’ decision on how they cope with this disease. Clients may seek input about bariatric surgery (BS) through their social networks. Those engaging in faith practices and considering BS may ask members from their faith-based community to provide input on treatments and procedures1-3, assistance with immediate postoperative transitions, and/or support to achieve long-term BS outcomes.4 This review examined how clients of faith used faith community nurses (FCNs) through their bariatric journey. Publications were assessed and rated individually. Recommendations based on this analysis encourage clients with obesity and strong faith beliefs to explore and use faith communities for social support through the bariatric journey. Healthcare professionals should be aware of these resources and their powerful influence.
ØClient decision to have BS is influenced by recommendations from trusted acquaintances and personal experience.5
ØPermanent lifestyle changes are vital after BS.6-7
ØIndividuals disclose obesity struggles and seek weight management advice from FCNs.
ØFaith community nursing standards of practice 8 consist of FCNs being integrators of faith (assessment), health educators (teacher and developer of programs), advocates (assist healthcare navigation and support behavior changes), counselors, and referral agents (sharing networking opportunities and resources).
ØFaith community programming may augment current BS education practices and reduce complications (e.g.-weight recidivism) resulting from failed behavioral modifications by providing additional support.
PURPOSE:To examine examined how clients of faith used faith community nurses (FCNs) through their bariatric journey.
SEARCH METHOD: Searches conducted in CINAHL® and PubMed© databases.
Keywords used independently and in combination were:
Øprimary: Obesity, bariatric surgery, weight loss surgery
Øsecondary: spiritual, parish, church, religion, faith
Ørestricted to peer-reviewed articles available in English
Øranged from 2004-2017
Ørated with Melnyk's levels of evidence pyramid 9
Øseparated into FCN roles and synthesized based on levels of client-based support.