IS LAPAROSCOPIC CHOLECYSTECTOMY PERFORMED EARLY AFTER BILE DUCT CLEARANCE IN A TERTIARY HOSPITAL IN THE MIDDLE EAST?
Sara Kanfar, Mosa AlZahrani, Abdullah AlKhaldi, Mohammed Abaaljaysh, Mohamed AlNaiem, Ayman Abouleid
King Fahad Military Medical Complex, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia
- The prevalence of common bile duct stones (CBDS) in patients with symptomatic gallstones is between 10-20% 
- 40-50% of patients with Jaundice will have CBDS 
- Recent guidelines recommend that the clearance of common bile duct stones should be preceded or followed by laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
- ERCP is an effective minimally invasive technique for bile duct clearance in up to 97% of patients. 
- Some studies show that the longer the interval between ERCP and Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy the higher incidence of complications and conversion rate. 
- Other studies show no difference in outcome 
- The aim of the study is to evaluate our practice in offering early cholecystectomy (EC) after bile duct clearance for patients with obstructive jaundice or biliary pancreatitis
- Retrospective analysis of prospectively maintained data of all patients who had laparoscopic cholecystectomy after bile duct clearance in a tertiary hospital in the middle east between January 2016 - December 2017
- EC is defined as laparoscopic cholecystectomy done in the same setting or within one week after endoscopic bile duct clearance
- Sample Size n=74
- 41 (55.4%) Underwent Endoscopic clearance
- 33 (44.6%) Spontaneously passed the stone
- Out of the 41 patients who underwent clearance:
- 27 (65.9%) had early cholecystectomy
- 14 (34.1%) had delayed cholecystectomy
- Post-operative complications, conversion rate and re-admissions were zero in both groups
- Early laparoscopic cholecystectomy is performed within one week after endoscopic bile duct clearance in most of the cases of biliary obstructive jaundice and biliary pancreatitis in a tertiary hospital in the Middle East but with longer hospitals stay.
- No Significant differences between both groups in regard to conversion rate, complication and re-admission
- More efforts are needed to improve the service to offer early cholecystectomy after bile duct clearance.
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