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Critical Bone Cement Implantation Syndrome, A Rare Phenomenon Which May Increase in Frequency
Evan Sobel, MD, Delara Brandal, MD, Sunny Jha, MD
Department of Anesthesiology & Perioperative Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine, UCLA
Bone cement implantation syndrome (BCIS) is a relatively common occurrence associated with cement hemiarthroplasty of the hip (1, 2, 3). Significant BCIS with cardiovascular collapse is a relatively rare phenomenon (overall total hip arthroplasty mortality is 0.11%). With a growing elderly population seeking joint replacement and an increasing number of patients admitted with orthopedic fractures, BCIS is likely to become a more frequently experienced complication. We report a case of BCIS that resulted in cardiac arrest in order to augment the limited information in the literature.