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5491
How much is too much? : A case report of repeat blood patch for PDPH resulting in readmission with neurological symptoms.
Session: MP-11c
Sat, April 21, 1:15-2:45 pm
Plymouth (Shubert Complex), 6th floor

Please note, medically challenging cases are removed three months after the meeting and scientific abstracts after three years.

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INTRODUCTION

Post-dural puncture headaches are a relatively common adverse effect of epidural.

Treatment modalities include:

- Rest and lying down

- Medications – acetaminophen and/or caffeine

- Epidural blood patch

 

PATIENT AND PRESENTATION

- 42-year-old male

- PMH: colon cancer, ulcerative colitis, GERD, asthma

- Admitted for laparoscopic total abdominal colectomy with end ileostomy for colon cancer

- Epidural catheter was placed for post-operative analgesia

- Significant difficulty resulting in a known wet tap

- Catheter was placed at T10/11, a level below the site of dural puncture

- Surgery uneventful

 

HOSPITAL COURSE

POD #1

- Patient complained of a positional headache

- Symptoms were refractory to conservative measures, including acetaminophen and IV caffeine

- Epidural blood patch (EBP) performed, 20mL through existing catheter which was then removed

- Headache initially resolved...

POD #3

- Headache returned

- EBP repeated at T12-L1 with 26mL blood

- Symptoms completely resolved

- Discharged home the next day

 

READMISSION

- Readmitted 2 weeks later with uncontrolled shooting pain in the sacral area and down both legs

- MRI showed a small dorsal fluid collection at L4-L5 consistent with a small epidural or subdural hematoma due to the prior EBP

- Neurology consulted

- Felt symptoms not due to MRI findings

- Working diagnosis: muscle spasms

- Improved with steroids and baclofen, then discharged

- At follow-up appointment two weeks later, there were no further neurological complaints

 

DISCUSSION

- Does performing EBP through an existing catheter deposit blood at the proper location?

- Where is the tip?

- Known difficult placement in this patient

- Volume injected related to the efficacy?

- Longer-lasting relief with higher volume injected

- Is there a correct volume?

- What was the source of these neurological symptoms?

-Muscle spasm vs. epidural hematoma

 

REFERENCES

- Desai MJ, Dave AP, Martin MB. Delayed Radicular Pain Following Two Large Volume Epidural Blood Patches for Post-Lumbar Puncture Headache: A Case Report. Pain Physician. 2010;13(3):257-262.

- Booth J, Pan P, Thomas J, Harris L, D’Angelo R. A retrospective review of an epidural blood patch database: the incidence of epidural blood patch associated with obstetric neuraxial anesthetic techniques and the effect of blood volume on efficacy. International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia. 2017;29:10-17.

- Wu, Jr-Wei, Shu-Shya Hseu, Jong-Ling Fuh, Jiing-Feng Lirng, Yen-Feng Wang, Wei-Ta Chen, Shih-Pin Chen, and Shuu-Jiun Wang. Factors Predicting Response to the First Epidural Blood Patch in Spontaneous Intracranial Hypotension. Brain. Oxford Academia. OUP Academic. Oxford University Press, 31 Dec. 2016.

- Ho K-Y, Gan TJ. Management of persistent post-dural puncture headache after repeated epidural blood patch. Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica. 2007;51(5):633-636.

- Riley CA, Spiegel JE. Complications following large-volume epidural blood patches for postdural puncture headache. Lumbar subdural hematoma and arachnoiditis: initial cause or final effect? Journal of Clinical Anesthesia. 2009;21(5):355-359.

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