The evolving role of Occupational Therapists in adult critical care: A mixed methods analysis
Methods used to conduct the study included:
A mixed methods design based on role theory 6
Occupational Therapists have an evolving, diverse and holistic role that is influenced by role and internal characteristics.
Implications for practice: need for a role protocol, staff welfare support mechanisms, highlight role through audit.
Implications for education: exposure to students, need for staff core competencies, post-graduate education.
Implications for research: Examine impact of early Occupational Therapy input on patient outcomes, the need for gold standard research methods, and health economic evaluations.
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2 Alverez et al (2016) Occupational therapy for delirium management in elderly patients without mechanical ventilation in an intensive care: A pilot randomized clinical trial. J Crit Care,(37), 85-90.
3 Needham et al (2010) Early physical medicine and rehabilitation for patients with acute respiratory failure: a quality improvement project. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 91, 536–542.
4 Foreman, J. (2005) Occupational therapists’ roles in intensive care. Available at: https://caot.in1touch.org/document/3880/OTNow_Mar_05.pdf [Accessed 14th November 2016].
5 Weinreich et al (2017) Occupational therapy in the intensive care unit: A systematic review. Occupational Therapy in Health Care, 31(3), 205-213.
6 Gross, N., Mason, W.S. & McEachern, A.W. (1958) Expectations in Role Analysis: Studies in the School Superintendency Role. New York: Wiley.
7 Ritchie J & Lewis J (2003) Qualitative research practice: a guide for social science students and researchers. London: Sage.
8 Faculty of Intensive Care Medicine & Intensive Care Society (2013) Core Standards for Intensive Care Units. Edition 1. Available at: https://www.ficm.ac.uk/sites/default/files/Core%20Standards%20for%20ICUs%20Ed.1%20(2013).pdf
[Accessed: 11th March 2017].